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Red maple (Acer rubrum) is a native tree in eastern and north-central U.S. and a member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry) family.The U.S. Forest Service has identified red maple as the most prevalent tree in the eastern U.S. Acer rubrum or red maple is the most common tree with beautiful, bright scarlet leaves, is found all over the east coast of America. Maple trees are easy to take care of and maintain. 3 vols. VEGETATIVE REPRODUCTION If the tree is damaged or cut down, buds that normally lie dormant will sprout and grow rapidly. These trees grow to be about 50 feet tall and turn red and orange in the fall. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. The Noray maple is an incredibly hardy tree, thriving well in zones 4 to 8. Not only are they great trees for shade, but they also produce a wonderful tasting sap. DISTRIBUTION Eastern U.S., mainly Mid-Atlantic and Lake states. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. Red maples (Acer rubrum) are native to eastern portions of the U.S. and tolerate warmer conditions than many maple types, being hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9.The tree quickly reaches a mature height of 75-feet and makes an attractive shade or specimen tree. Maple trees are popular because they are cold resistant and can grow extremely fast. Buried stems can also produce roots for new trees. Soft Maple, on the other hand, is derived from several different variations of the maple species and go by names such as Red Maple (Acer rebrum) and Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum). 1. Hard maple, with its interlocked, tight grain pattern, resists cracking along grain lines, which also influences water penetration. Hard Maple. In the fall, this variety of maple tree's bright green lobed foliage changes to deep scarlet and orange. It is found growing in Manitoba and Newfoundland to Florida and even as far as East Texas. St. Bonaventure University notes that this tree grows three to seven feet each year. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. Trident maple grows slowly, so it rarely needs pruning. Hardwoods are used for … The ash-leaved maple, or box elder, is a fast-growing tree of limited landscape use. Bleeding canker – This maple tree disease causes the bark to appear wet and is often accompanied by some bark coming away from the maple tree trunk, especially lower down on the trunk of the tree. Hard maple is defined as sugar maple and black maple only. How hard is Maple … Hardwood trees represent a group of trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut, are mostly deciduous and go dormant in the winter. The Red Maple Tree. maple will produce a heavy crop of seeds every 7 years but most years produce seeds. Appearance. Brown. It also does well in cities, handling stressors like air pollution that might stunt and kill other trees. Maple Tree Types. It all comes from the same tree: hard maple, rock maple, sugar maple, brown maple, white maple. Jump to Latest Follow 1 - 4 of 4 Posts ... 2012. Hard maple trees have bark that develops deep furrows as the tree ages. punctatum. Poplar ranks 540 on the low end of the scale. Maple trees are known for their brilliant fall color as well as the ease with which they “bleed” sap. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. Some of the most popular species of hardwoods are oak, maple, hickory, walnut, and cherry trees. The sugar maple (A. saccharum) enjoys an exceptionally long lifespan ranging from 300 to 400 years. Likewise, it is not a soft maple. The Red Maple truly earns its name, with its red flowers in early spring, red twigs of new growth, and spectacular red leaves in fall. It takes 40 gallons of Maple sap to make 1 gallon of Maple syrup. Next, add a few drops of water to the growing material, then put the maple seeds in the bag and seal it shut. Silver maple is closely related to the red maple and can hybridize with it, the hybrid being known as the Freeman maple (Acer x freemanii). What is the value of this hard maple burl? The noble maple is a striking tree with well over one hundred species. With over a hundred species and nearly as many subspecies, maple tree identification can be tricky. The red maple tree (Acer rubrum) lives an average of 130 years but may survive as long as 300 years. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. This is a much more serious disease that affects all kinds of maples, but Sugar Maple and Silver Maple are the ones most commonly affected. The Japanese Maple is a finicky tree and prefers a relatively stable climate all year round. 1913. It grows faster than Norway or sugar maple, but considerably slower than silver maple, making it a better choice in urban landscaping. A Hard Maple leaf will have U-shaped valleys, called … Maple trees make their homes in various forests, reserves, and yards across the globe, most frequently in North America, Europe and eastern Asia. Hard Maple is commonly referred to as Sugar Maple. A tree typically has to be 40 years old to be big enough to tap for maple syrup. Due to its habit of forming surface roots, plant the tree away from house foundations or sidewalks. If the tree has yet to be harvested, check its leaves. Setting aside whether or not a log could sell as veneer, in general, the smaller the heartwood of a Hard Maple tree, the more valuable it is. A longtime favorite, the maple tree can produce tremendous foliage in the autumn season, and a large canopy of shade in the summer. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. It takes 110 gallons of Birch sap to produce 1 gallon of Birch syrup. 2:496. In other words, Hard Maple lumber is cut from the outer ring of the tree, therefore bigger sap areas are preferred by lumber mills and timber buyers. Add in the countless cultivars available and differing growth habit due to site conditions, and the task can seem downright impossible. All maples are hardwoods but the species found in America are further classified as hard or soft maples. I did a walk thru on a lot clearing job with a tree service today. If the tree is still standing and yet to be harvested, take a look at its leaves. Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. Sugar Maple (Rock Maple, Hard Maple) Fact Sheet USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Hard maple is a wonderful, expensive, nearly white wood used for almost every application imaginable both today and even prior to the colonization of the U.S. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Not only Maple trees, but also some species of Birch trees can be tapped for syrup. The tree in the backyard that blazes with red, orange and yellow foliage in autumn is most likely a maple. Plant this red maple tree in … Hard maple ranks 1,450, while red oak ranks 1,290. They are known for the beautiful, unequally-shaped leaves that make any landscape come alive. To germinate maple tree seeds, try the cold stratification approach by first filling a plastic bag with growing materials such as peat moss, vermiculite, or germination paper. Famous for its Brilliant, Easy-Growing Foliage Why American Red Maple Trees? The most common hard maple is the sugar or rock maple. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York. With about 128 species, each tree has a serene beauty of its own. Light yellowish Acer saccharum, Acer nigrum Other Names: Sugar maple, black maple. WOOD Heavy, hard, and strong, the sugar maple is a viable Canadian hardwood. And even as far as East Texas grow to a height of 50 to feet! Easy to take care of and maintain extremely fast easy to take care of and maintain ’ re for! It rarely needs pruning a relatively stable climate all year round R. americanum, and R. punctatum arrangement... Follow 1 - 4 of 4 Posts... 2012 dormant will sprout and grow rapidly Newfoundland to Florida and as... 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