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Nigeria is a large, densely populated West African country on the Gulf of Guinea. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. Nigeria (/ n aɪ ˈ dʒ ɪər i ə / ()), officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a sovereign country located in West Africa bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west.Its southern coast is on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.Nigeria is a federal republic comprising 36 states with 774 local Government. It is can also be said that Hausa language is the most popular language spoken in the North. In the 13th century, the nomadic Tuareg pushed south into the Air Mountains, and then continued to rule over most of northern Niger, and into parts of what is now Nigeria. river"), established a presence in Ìddó and Èbúté Métta. In order to make up for this gap, parents who can afford to pay high school fees enrolled their children in private schools where instruction at all levels has  been  oriented towards inculcating among other values physical, emotional, psychological and intellectual development of the child and the acquisition of competencies necessary for self- reliance as provided in the NPE. A demo- graphic analysis of people actively in sports in Nigeria indicates that men constitute the greater number either as players, coaches or administrators. Since then, PE syllabus has gone through reviews with the aim of improving quality delivery. Super Eagles, its national team, competes regularly for international titles and has made its mark in global sports competitions when regarded as one of the best teams in Africa and was ranked 10th in the world. In 1956, the first indigenous PE syllabus for primary schools was published by the then Western Regional Ministry of Education. Key facts Names attached to the various forms of wrestling give some indication of their nature. Sports such as swimming, lawn tennis, table tennis, handball, basketball, squash, cricket, judo, field hockey, weight-lifting and wrestling are supported by the government, corporate bodies and individuals. Sports and recreation are fast developing activities in Nigeria, country of an estimated 177.5 million inhabitants, which counts many lovers of sports and adepts of leisure games. It is worthwhile putting the spotlight on the various sport activities now well established in the country majority of the athletic competitions in the country. Kano-Bauchi Road, Jigawa State, Nigeria. A review of the research activities of Nigerian physical and health educators showed that serious research work did not start in physical and health education in Nigeria until the late sixties and early seventies. Sports and recreation In precolonial times the sport of wrestling was a vehicle for expressing individual and social identity, status, and prestige . The Super Eagles are now ranked among the best teams, not only in Africa but in the world. More info. People attend a funeral for those killed by suspected Boko Haram militants in Zabarmari, Nigeria on Sunday. The Super Eagles was adjudged the best team in Africa and one of the best ten in the world. The first national park in Nigeria was founded in 1979 as Kainji Lake. Nigeria’s journey as an independent nation may have begun on October 1, 1960, but its history dates back far before the colonial era. In this chapter, we discuss the concept of recreation in tourism and hospitality. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. (email: muyiwa@greenhillts.com) The paper also attempts to provide an overview of the current state of infrastructure in Nigeria in relation to Nigeria’s vision 2020. Licensed under Creative Commons. British colonizers introduced other sports to Nigeria in the early 20th century; football (soccer), boxing, athletics (track and field), and tennis were spread through mission schools, railroad companies, the armed forces, and the colonial bureaucracy . 1960-05-09 Nigeria becomes a member of British Commonwealth; 1960-10-01 Nigeria gains independence from Great Britain (National Day); 1960-10-01 Nigeria becomes the 99th member of the United Nations; 1963-10-01 Nigeria enacts a new constitution and becomes a republic; 1966-01-15 The First Nigerian Republic is overthrown in a military coup d'etat; 1966-01-15 Kaduna Nzeogwu and … UNAIDS and World Health Organization. Its neighbours are Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. African Tradition in Marriage: An Insider's Perspective, 1998. There is a high plateau of extinct volcanoes in the centre of the country and a mountainous area along its border with Cameroon. More than 2,000 years ago, the Nok culture in the present Plateau state worked iron and produced sophisticated terra cotta sculptures. Arómiré also grew vegetables, especially pepper, on a site where Iga Ìdúngànràn, the palace or official residence of the Oba of Lagos now stands.Iga Ìdúngànràn is an Àwórì term meaning house on pepper farm. Later in history, one of the great empires of Africa called the Songhai expanded into modern day Niger, as far as Agadez, until its collapse in 1591. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … This was the first university in Africa that commenced undergraduate programme in HPE (Ladani, 1988; Ajala, Amusa and  Sohi, 1990). They reached the second round of the World Cup in 1994, 1998 and 2014. This was the time in the history of Nigerian Educational system that Physical education was endorsed as an instructional subject in schools. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Nigeria won the first World Cup in the under-16 category in China in 1985 and came second the same category two years later in Canada. It eventually qualified for the 1970 World Cup in Mexico. The Hausa/ Fulani predominately farm and rear cattle. Most of Nigeria’s meat, fruits and vegetables supplies are brought in from the North. Sports have become a unifying factor in Nigeria and an essential ingredient towards nation building. The arrival of missionaries and colonial administrators from Britain and America brought with it some sports and games to schools and to the police and army. The eight national parks of Nigeria covering 20,156 km 2, or about 3% of Nigeria’s total area, play a vital role in conservation. 0803 250 2007, 0805 236 5636. The first physical education (PE) syllabus was introduced into Nigerian schools in 1918 through the adoption of a uniform curriculum for schools. It is a board game for two players, played with seeds or stones. Stadia are being constructed in many parts of the country. Let’s start by exploring some recreation-based terms that are common in the tourism industry. In the reality, the politics of creation of States in Nigeria, to all intents and purposes, has always being a study intense struggle for power between the elites and different power blocs and factions. To this end, it is hoped that this paper will stimulate further discussions among public The 1933 syllabus was concerned with the value of physical education in relation to the health of the people as a whole. History of Sports and Recreation In Nigeria, PRAISE A WEAPON OF DELIVERANCE | Did you know? Turtoe-Sanders, Patience. Sports and recreation are fast developing activities in Nigeria, country of an estimated 177.5 million inhabitants, which counts many lovers of sports and adepts of leisure games. The "need to do something for recreation" is an essential element of human biology and psychology. Recently, physical and health educators in Nigeria have shifted to more scientific aspect of sports performance, physical fitness and healthful living. Most of the early research works in these fields were mainly on the history and administration of sports and physical education in Nigeria. A review of publication.Vol. Christian missionaries came from different churches and established educational institutions; however there was no uniform curriculum of studies and physical training had no place in the school curriculum (Ladani, 1988). The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. However, the clubs had to wait till 1990 for the professional league to be introduced. A History of Juju Music: A History of an African Popular Music from Nigeria, 1992. Sports have become a unifying factor in Nigeria and an essential ingredient towards nation building. (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2004). So the them Federal military government under late General Sanni Abacha again on the 1 October, 1996 carried out another State creation exercise. Click Here To Read Latest Update Concerning The Above Topic, Copyright © 2018 AkahiTutors.Org Privacy Policy. History of Nigeria has a lot of dark pages. Nigeria's rich cultural heritage is embodied in the treasures of traditional art the country has to offer. During this period, a broad sweeping demand for independence was happening across Africa. Presently, Nigeria has a population of 162 million people (Population Reference Bureau, 2012) and is made up of 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory (FCT) in Abuja with 774 constitutionally recognized Local Government Areas (LGAs) (National Population Commission, 2009). The story of the Super Eagles is also that of individual star-players that make the minds of football lovers vibrate, from Rashidi Yekini (RIP), Daniel Amokachi, Mudashiru Lawal, Sunday Oliseh, Taribo West, Samson Siasia, Tijani Babangida, Victor Ikpeba, Stephen Keshi, George Finidi, Emmanuel Amunike, Celestine Babayaro, Victor Agali, Peter Odemwinge, Mikel Obi to Austin Okocha and Kanu Nwankwo; among others. This syllabus was revised in 1927 with minor modifications and finally in 1933; the last colonial syllabus of Physical Training for Schools was introduced into the country. An analysis of those actively involved in sports in Nigeria indicates that men constitute the greater number either as players, coaches, or as administrators. Dramatic changes go far back to the British colonial rule. Before the colonial period, the area that makes up modern Nigeria had an eventful history. 40 of 1930. (1900 - 1920) Some significant recreation-related events that took place in the first decades of the 1900s included the increasing popularity of Boys Clubs, Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, all of which provided additional recreation opportunities for … It impacts on many of the individual’s precious personal mementoes and deepest values, male or female. The starting point for quality delivery of educational programmes with focus on HPE is the formulation of National Policy on Education (NPE) which was first published in 1977. It has facilitated the country’s socio-cultural and ethnic integration. 8. development and execution having worked in Nigeria, Canada and the US. Recent international initiatives and developments in Physical Education and related areas of youth sport, physical activity, health and fitness. Recreationcan be defined as the pursuit of leisure activities during one’s spare time (Tribe, 2011) and can include vastly different activities such as golfing, sport fishing, and rock climbing. The greatest pace in the development of PE and teacher preparation was set when the first university was established in 1960, that is  University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. With this provision in the policy, PE has a foundation upon which a solid academic programme was developed. Development and transition in physical education an overview of German speaking publication 2008-2009.International Journal of Physical Education a Review Publication Volume XLVII, Issue 3, 3. The Hausa/Fulani ethnic groups have remained one of the people who have closely gu… Write a Review. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." Hardman, K, (2011). Nigeria emerged on the international football/soccer scene in 1960 when it first entered the World Cup, but failed to qualify for the finals. Drivenby talented players like Florence Omogbemi, Ajuma Ameh, Anne Chiejine, and Effionanwan Ekpo, among others. Uwechue, Ralph. The capital is Abuja. XLVIII(3) 3 , pp15-30. Some of the sports that are played in Nigeria include: Athletics (track and field), Badminton, Baseball, Basketball, Boxing, Chess, Cricket, Cycling, Football (called soccer in the United States and in some other places), Gymnastics, Golf, Handball, Hockey, Judo, Tennis, Rowing, Shooting, Squash rackets, Swimming, Table tennis (called ping-pong in some other places), Taekwondo, Volleyball, Power- lifting,  Wrestling, Traditional sports and a host of other Para- sports (sports for the physically challenged). The NNPS is a parastatal under the Federal Ministry of the Environment, and is headed by a Conservator General. Thereafter, Nigeria came into existence as a nation in 1914 through the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates and became fully independent in October 1960 as a federation with three regions (Northern, Western, and Eastern) under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary system of governance. Although other tribes apart from the Hausa/ Fulani exist in northern Nigeria however, they are the major occupants of the North. Iganugo, V.C & Otinwa, G.O. The Federal, State and Local Governments make funds available for current clubs from different provinces were invited to play. Western or formal education was started in Nigeria in 1842 — only at the primary level — by the Christian missionaries who managed the educational system according to their respective philosophies. The national football team, the Super Eagles has won the African Cup of Nations in 1980, 1994 and 2013 and was the finalist three times in the competition. Source: http://vicadeworks.blogspot.com/2013/01/history-of-physical-and-health.html, HISTORY OF PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION IN NIGERIA, history of physical and health education in nigeria, history and development of physical education in nigeria, Click Here To Download FREE Past Questions & Answers For All Exams. It was also used to gain respect, or as a method of Since then, the second and third editions were published in 1981 and 1998 respectively in keeping with the dynamics of social change. Still, it`s a history of States in Nigeria. 7 Rock Art Interpretive Centre, Birnin Kudu. The under-17 team tutored by Coach Yemi Tella also won the Gold Medal in the 2007 Junior World Cup. Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment, amusement, or pleasure and are considered to be "fun". The Women’s team also reached the quarter final of the 1999 Women’s foot- ball World Cup and the 2004 Olympic Games. Reston, VA: Author. Ajala, J. Outstanding artworks dating from the pre-colonial times include naturalistic statues and bronzes, terra-cotta figurines, masks and shrines. It is actually a very important aspect of Nigeria’s socio-cultural life. The Ibadan Recreation Club (1902) formally Ibadan European Club holds a Registration Certificate No. Outdoor recreation can be defined as “outdoor activities that take place in a natura… The National Sports Commission promotes about twenty four different sports, each being organized by a non-autonomous governing body. Later, in the year 2002, through an amendment to the constitution, the Ibadan Recreation Club became the Ibadan Recreation Club (1902). Furthermore, it has been approved for inclusion in the school certificate curriculum. Nigeria became independent on 1 October 1960 with Prime Minister Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa leading a coalition government. Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time. Historic regions: 5th century BC - 20th century: Nigeria contains more historic cultures and empires than any other other nation in Africa. This grew to 12 teams by 1978. National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Following World War II, Nigerian nationalism and demands for independence grew and the British Government moved Nigeria toward self-government on a representative and increasingly federal basis. Most of the early research works in these fields were mainly on the history and administration of sports and physical education in Nigeria. Ever since then, rural or community development has been declared a priority by the successive governments, be it civilian or military. As Nigeria preparded for independence, the British worked out an arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions. It was a way of showing identity, status, and prestige. International Journal of Physical Education. Nigeria also boasts of a strong Women’s football team, the Super Falcons, which, as of 2007, has won the seven editions of the African Women’s Football championship organised since the creation of this championship in 1991. It is known as ayo among the Yoruba, dara among the Hausa, okwe among the Igbo and nsa isong among the Efik. It is a medium through which competition, friendship, tolerance, endurance, diplomacy and unity are promoted amongst human beings within nations and internationally, irrespective of race, gender, class and other parameters. The tussle for the creation of states in Nigeria started from there as many people believed that they did not get enough land. Fessler , N, Knoll M. & G. Stibble, k, (2010). State Date created Preceding Entity Abia State: 27 August 1991 Imo State: Adamawa State: 27 August 1991 Gongola State: Akwa Ibom State: 23 September 1987 Cross River State: Anambra State: 27 August 1991 The fourth edition was necessitated by some policy innovations and was published in 2004. The biggest of these parks is the Gashaka Gumti National Park which stretches for 6402 km 2 in Adamawa and Taraba States. The game known outside Nigeria as mancala is very popular. Defining recreation as it pertains to tourism, however, is more challenging. The Nigerian National League began in 1972 when five teams entered the league. (2001). Its Under-20 soccer team won the bronze medal in the Junior World Cup competition in the Soviet Union in 1985, the silver medal in Saudi Arabia in 1989 and in the Netherlands in 2005. For example, ija kadi suggests a fight that is a free-for-all and eke suggests wrestling with distinct techniques and rules. The following table presents a listing of the states of Nigeria, and the dates of their creation. In Nigeria, along with many other countries where Football is a popular sport, the country was able to be successful at the sport. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Nigerians enjoy a large number of indigenous games and sports. Top Nigeria Parks & Nature Attractions: See reviews and photos of parks, gardens & other nature attractions in Nigeria on Tripadvisor. Freedom Park is a Memorial and Leisure Park dedicated to the preserving the Lagos colonial heritage and history of the Old Board Street prison, the park also provides venues and the grounds for events and recreational entertainment. PE was made compulsory by the Federal Government in all primary schools in Nigeria and most schools used the period on the time-table to teach pupils skills in individual, dual and team sports (Otinwa, 2012). Nigeria has an artistic tradition that dates back thousands of years. Top Outdoor Activities in Nigeria: See reviews and photos of outdoor activities in Nigeria on Tripadvisor. Brief History of Education in Nigeria. They put up an impressive performance in the 2014 World Cup championship in Brazil, attaining the second round. Physical education is critical to a complete education [Position statement].

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