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Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. Flowering dogwood grows from about the mason-dixon line into the deep south territory. Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark gray. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. 0000042708 00000 n The flowers and berries support native wildlife such as pollinators, birds, and small mammals. White “flowers” show their beauty in spring, foliage turns a vibrant red-purple in fall, and glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds for the enjoyment of all. Cherokee Daybreak™ - White flowers and green and white variegated foliage. 0000006838 00000 n Cultural Controls: Improve drainage. The inner bark of the flowering dogwood and its roots are aromatic and contain a chemical known as alkaloid cornin. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. Nevertheless, these highly visible white (sometimes pink or rose) flower-clusters are a distinctive feature of forests, fields, and hillsides in springtime Ohio. The plants may be trees or shrubs in form, but all of them offer extraordinary color and many of them flower. 0 0000012355 00000 n Reaches a height of 20 feet with a similar spread. Some folks call it alligator bark. Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida - How to grow Dogwood Tree - Duration: 3:38. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a small Maryland native tree with white or pink flower bracts in the spring, colorful foliage in the fall, and berries that support wildlife. Leaves turn red in fall. The fruit clusters on this shrub-like tree are scarlet red. An Equal Opportunity University. Flowering dogwood has large, showy, deeply notched bracts, 4 of which surround each cluster of inconspicuous perfect flowers, in bloom from May to June. In modern times, overuse of flowering dogwood as a cut flower has threatened native stands of the tree. 3:38. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. The rough bark is a reddish-brown color. It delights us with its beauty all year long, with its clouds of white flowers visible in springtime woodlands, its attractive green midsummer foliage, its brilliant red or orange leaves and bright red berries in fall, and its interesting bark in winter. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. A number of Native American tribes used the bark to make infusions or decoctions to treat a variety of ailments. Flowering Dogwood. Cornus florida: Flowering Dogwood 4 which allows the leaves to stay as dry as possible. Cracking and peeling of the bark may follow, as on the maple tree pictured on the left, providing an entry way for insects and disease pathogens. Selected cultivars by category include: Borers are a big threat to flowering dogwood, especially when its trunk is damaged by lawn mowers. Flowering Dogwood features showy clusters of white flowers with white bracts held atop the branches in mid spring. The berries are the size of a bing cherry and look to me like pink soccer balls. The showy Red Dogwood tree is a lovely accent or focal tree. 0000004493 00000 n Its tree form and leaf is easily recognizable as a dogwood species, but the berry is totally different from flowering dogwood. At one time during the Civil War, when quinine was not available, tea from the dogwood tree bark was used to treat malaria. It is relatively easy to peel the bark off of the tree, pieces at a time. ‘Royal Red' - Dark red bract color to go with bright red new leaves that turn again in the fall. They made a tea of the bark to promote sweating, to relieve fevers. Flowering dogwood is well known for its four large, symmetrical, flower-like white leaves that surround a cluster of tiny yellow flowers. Chemical Controls: Metalaxyl (Subdue) is effective as a preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals. The bark can be easily injured by garden tools or lawn mowers that come into contact with the trunk. This particular tree also has chunks of bark missing or loosely attached, likely due to some of the harsh weather it has endured over the past few months. Are suitable for par… More than 50 species of birds feed on the berries of flowering dogwood in the Backus Woods of Ontario alone. Evaluate irrigation, and reduce if necessary. 243 0 obj <> endobj Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a native forest understory tree found naturally in acidic (pH 5.5-6.5), well-drained soil in semi-shaded areas. It is little used in modern herbalism. across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. 0000000892 00000 n Bark damage of any kind heals very slowly and flowering dogwood does not tolerate heavy pruning. Suchen Sie in Stockfotos und lizenzfreien Bildern zum Thema Flowering Dogwood von iStock. The Red Dogwood tree looks vibrant planted with abelias and azaleas. The inner bark, cambium, and sapwood will show discoloration. Flowering dogwood attains its greatest size and growth potential in the Upper South, sometimes up to 40 feet in height. The flowers are visited by many pollinating insects. The dogwood, while common in USDA hardiness zones 5 through 9, is most common in North Carolina. 2��*�'Z��㘧�It��4�C �-.�&{��oA��x��D��+(�}b�!�em�7� For landscaped areas, flowering dogwoods: 1. Native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria. Flowering dogwood has extremely dense and hard wood but it is highly susceptible to decay. Flowering dogwood is a small tree that grows three to 10 metres tall. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. Of course, flowering dogwood is not native to the area where Christ was crucified. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit.It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. 0000001863 00000 n Damaging Agents- Because of its thin bark, flowering dogwood is readily injured by fire. Flowers have white bracts. Finden Sie hochwertige Fotos, die Sie anderswo vergeblich suchen. For this reason, the tree bark flaking on dogwood trees may … They are quite winter hardy but are sensitive to mechanical injury and a variety of pests and diseases. At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. 0000015025 00000 n ‘Junior Miss' - Large pink bracts that are resistant to spotting. This is a good specimen tree for a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade. 243 29 It is a very beautiful tree. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. of flowering dogwood in Catoctin Mountain park. 0000002248 00000 n ‘Spring Grove' - Selection from Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati. Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. Growing from 15 to 30 tall and wide at maturity, this dogwood is large enough to be a yard tree, but stays small enough to be used in a garden or a larger mixed or raised bed. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. If plants bloom, they are white. At maturity, the Flowering Dogwood reaches heights between 30-40 feet. ‘Spring Time' - Large flowers and good winter bud hardiness. endstream endobj 270 0 obj<>/Size 243/Type/XRef>>stream Flowering dogwood is a deciduous multi-branched shrub or small tree, characterized by a rounded crown and horizontal branches that spread wider than its height. ... 2017: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. Does not flower. Several bark diseases affect the dogwood. Its profuse sprouting ability may actually increase the number of stems in fire-damaged stands, however (12). The wood of dogwood has a high resistance to sudden shock, making it a popular choice for making golf club heads and chisel handles. The tree was designated to bear flowers that were cross-shaped, with a crown of thorns in the middle, and nail prints stained with red at the outer edge of each petal. The fruit for the flowering dogwood is poisonous to humans, so humans have interacted with the flowering dogwood in limited amounts. %PDF-1.4 %���� Flowering dogwood bark breaks into distinctive small square plates nearly black in color. Cornus florida - Flowering Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus florida is a small tree with four-season appeal. First year stems are purple to reddish green, turning gray by year two. Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. 0000005241 00000 n 0K10�1�}�` ����@����_Hs1�5�+W^{R�"���H35� uG3Q A Complete Guide to Digging & … The Kentucky champion tree is in Warren County and is about 35 feet tall. 0000003567 00000 n The dogwood leaves turn purple and red during the fall. Fertilize in early spring and when planting to give your tree a boost. The powdered bark of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance. Older branches and trunks develop a blocky pattern of gray to reddish-brown. Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida - How to grow Dogwood Tree - Duration: 3:38. In spring, profuse star-like blooms, 3-4 in. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Symptoms of anthracnose include large tan blotches or purple-rimmed leaf spots. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. The flowering dogwood’s common name is derived from the Old English word ‘dagwood,’ since its hard wood was used to make daggers. 0000007646 00000 n 0000004457 00000 n Flowering dogwood, Missouri’s state tree, is lovely in all seasons, with white inflorescences in spring, deep green leaves in summer, red berries in late summer, bright reddish foliage in fall, and interesting bark and buds in winter. Flowering dogwood was officially declared Missouri's state tree in 1955. The leaves are narrow and "willow-like." The wood is extremely dense but highly susceptible to decay. 0000011485 00000 n Over the years, the bark darkens in color and develops a patch or block pattern. 1996. It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico. x�b```b`` d`e`��f`@ �����SO��30$��l��QPr�H�ΜĤ� ���)�֭�xEAAJ�].��)I��2��� The deeply ridged and broken bark resembles alligator hide. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. It is little used in modern herbalism. FEATURES Form-small deciduous tree-maturing at 15' tall x 20' wide White bracts. thin layers of bark in the affected area. Noteworthy Characteristics. They can also be weakened and even killed by the dogwood borer. Remain on the map or from the bark can be more narrow than the one pictured but. Close-Grained wood was used to color bald eagle feathers and porcupine quills a treatment for malaria toothpaste and extract! Bloodtwig dogwood ( Cornus florida is one of our most showy native trees when in.. In many yards and gardens, acutely veined, with a 20-foot spread develop a blocky pattern gray..., humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in fall! Is damaged by lawn mowers fall, it will reach a height of feet! Bark on mature trees is broken into small square plates nearly black in color and a. 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