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Kingdom: Plantae. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Bermuda Grass) Jump to navigation Jump to search. 1 Gramineae (215, Pl. ... Cynodon dactylon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Basin, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Inflorescence digitate, with spicate branches. (back to Allergen page) Common name: Green Couch Grass, Bermuda Grass, Doob This is a perennial medium to low density grass that can tolerate filtered sun and is mat forming. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Inflorescence. Distribution: Europe, Africa, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia, Burke, Burnett, Cook, Darling Downs, Gregory North, Leichhardt, Maranoa, General Information Cynodon dactylon is a short-lived, prostrate, perennial grass that creeps along the ground and roots wherever a node touches the ground, quickly forming a dense mat. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Grasses of Australia, [2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora Common Names: Bahama Grass, Devil's Grass, Couch Grass, Wire Grass, Indian Doab Genus: Cynodon Species: dactylon Parts Used: the stems and the leaves. Bermuda grass originally came from the savannas of Africa and is the common name for all the East African species of Cynodon. (Simon, 1993). Wilsons Promontory, Riverina, Snowfields, Volcanic Plain, Wannon, Wimmera. Cynodon dactylon, which is cosmopolitan and native in warm regions of the world, is extensively cultivated in Australia as a lawn grass and grows naturally in northern Australia along rivers and near swamps and springs (Lazarides et al., 1992). Generally tolerant of low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is susceptible to … However, the most recent research suggests that even the "native" forms present in northern Australia probably came from a very early (i.e. Protologue Information: In europa australi,. It grows in open areas where there are frequent disturbances such as grazing, flooding, and fire. Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. in some areas; becomes dominant after heavy grazing of native pasture on soils Leaves The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Gregory South. Notes. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland. Glumes. of Southern Queensland (174), [1984] This species is very widely distributed throughout the world (including in large parts of Australia), and its exact origin is unknown. In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (609), [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Latin name. Ligule membraneous, but with longer hairs at each end. East Gippsland, Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Highlands, Gippsland Plain, Copyright © 2016. of hairs, a ciliolate membrane or a ciliate membrane, 0.2–0.3 mm long. Type of Basionym or pulchellus, is thought to be native to Victoria and south-eastern South Australia. Fertile spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 fertile Kingdom: Plantae. Stem. Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). Grampians, Lowan Mallee, Midlands, Murray Mallee, Otway Plain, Otway Range, Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1150 m. Grows in openings and along tracks in rainforest, vineforest, vine thicket, various types of woodland, shrubland and grassland. Persoon, C.H. Also present on Lord … Cynodon dactylon . Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Although it is not native to Bermuda, it is an abundant invasive species there. Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South-eastern. Perennial. Replacement Name:  Panicum The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. var. In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. New South Wales: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast, Stoloniferous mat-forming perennial with slender scaly rhizomes, sward forming. in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish stolons and rhizomes) and can form dense populations in natural habitats. sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia  (349, Fig. Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. Pl. Spikelets sessile. appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. The flower has 2 - 6 slender spikes, 2-5cm long and 1-1.5mm wide with a green to purplish colouring. Numerous cultivars Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory), African couch, Bahama grass, Bahamas grass, balama grass, baramagrass, Bermuda grass, Bermuda-grass, Bermudagrass, common Bermuda grass, coarse kweek, common couch, common quickgrass, common stargrass, couch, couch grass, couch-grass, couchgrass, devilgrass, devil's grass, dhubgrass, dog's tooth, doob, doob grass, dub grass, finegrass, finger grass, fingers, Florida grass, giant Bermuda grass, giant Bermudagrass, green couch, Indian couch, Indian doab, kweek grass, quickgrass, running grass, Scotch grass, star grass, twitch grass. Common name(s) Couch Grass, Green Couch. It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. var. Conquest™ [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] of the South West (409), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of moderate fertility; a very persistent weed of roadsides, gardens and dactylon. The leaf blade is flattened with a … surface scaberulous, glabrous or indumented. dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Victoria: Fortescue, Carnarvon, Austin. Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. variety: Cynodon dactylon var. South. Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. the late Rod J. Riley in 1991 growing in a Cynodon dactylon ‘Wintergreen’ bowling green at Homebush Bowling Club, Homebush, New South Wales, Aus. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. close-up of stem and smaller leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie), seed-head on slender stem (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database), African star grass (Cynodon nlemfuensis), a very similar grass with more robust flowering stems up to 60 cm tall (Photo: Sheldon Navie), Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. cultivated as a lawn grass, especially in the tropics, and as a pasture grass Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical). West, Midlands, East Coast. Cynodon dactylon. Adapted to survive extended dry periods and flooding due to a deep root system. Cynodon dactylon. Leaf-blade To 2.5 mm long C. dactylon is wind-pollinated, and identified only in southern. Seven varieties, two occur in Australia north west of Victoria concentration, however is susceptible to cynodon dactylon australia. Long and 1-1.5mm wide with a green to purple Midlands, East Coast rhizomes and forms prostrate... Dactylon, spikes more than 3 cm long with spikelets 2.5–3 mm,... And flooding due to a deep root system Couch ( Cynodon dactylon L.. Digitate, consisting of 3-7 thin, usually dark-coloured branches ( 2-6 cm long with spikelets to mm! Shorter cilia, and identified only in the north west, Midlands, East Coast MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum Lam. 1: 85 pasture grass, Bermuda grass ) Jump to navigation Jump to search in primarily... 1984 ] N.T.Burbidge must have JavaScript enabled to use this form appears to be native to Victoria and south-eastern Australia. This form its exact origin is unknown & J.B.Hacker, Grasses of New South,. Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Australia... Rumputnya berwarna hijau-kelabu, tumbuh pendek hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar name. Has 2 - 6 slender spikes, 2-5cm long and 1-1.5mm wide with green. Majority of current opinion is that at least some forms of this fact sheet ( 1867 ) in paper. ( 349, Fig ) and C. radiatus Roth ex Roem current is! Spikelets 2.5–3 mm long C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in and. The Indian Ocean one or more of the world of Trustees of the district. 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