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They are nocturnal and monogamous. Jump to navigation Jump to search. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. [8] More specifically, the northern range of the Indian crested porcupine is limited by minimum summer night duration: they do not occur above latitudes where minimum night duration is less than 7 hours, presumably because of the amount of foraging time required to meet their dietary needs. : Fiel jo frij: te dielen – it wurk te kopiearjen, fersprieden en út te stjoeren; te fermingen – it wurk oan te passen; Under de neikommende betingsten: Nammefermelding – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. [1] Due to their flexible environmental tolerances, Indian crested porcupines occupy a broad range of habitats. English: skeleton of crested porcupine. The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. Three species of Old World porcupine are found in China: the Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine, Indian crested porcupine, and Malayan porcupine. It is one of the largest rodents in the world. [2] Their body (from the nose to the base of the tail) measures between 70 and 90 cm, with the tail adding an additional 8–10 cm. [4] These smaller quills are used to stab at potential threats. Mostly herbivorous, this rodent forages long distances in search of food and lives … The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. They are primarily herbivorous rodents, feeding on bulbs, bark, crops and other plantlife, but also occasionally eat bugs, small vertebrates and carrion. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest, hence its common name of crested porcupine. Crested porcupines have been known to collect thousands of bones that they find at night. The crested porcupine takes care of the young for a long time and small family groups consist of the adult pair and young of various ages. Porcupine est une zone urbanisée désignée sous le terme de census-designated place, située dans le comté d'Oglala Lakota, dans le sud-ouest de l'État du Dakota du Sud aux États-Unis. In defense, when disturbed, they raise and fan their quills to make themselves look bigger. Wildlife of China - Wikipedia Asian Forest Sanctuary includes Sumatran tigers, Malayan tigers, northern white-cheeked gibbons, siamangs, lowland anoas, Indian crested porcupines, Asian small-clawed otters, and Asian elephants. This mammal is recognizable by the quills that run along the head, nape, and back that can be raised into a crest, hence the name crested porcupine. When these quills are vibrated, they produce a hiss-like rattle. [4] However, they are good swimmers. The paws have naked and padded soles and have a plantigrade gait. [14] They have also been known to chew on bones to acquire minerals, such as calcium, that aid in quill growth. [4] They are made of keratin and are relatively flexible. Fasciculus:African crested Porcupine -Hystrix cristata-.jpg. The crested porcupine takes care of the young for a long time and small family groups consist of the adult pair and young of various ages. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). Within the first week of their lives, young porcupines begin to venture from the den, by which time their spines start hardening. : Put new text under old text. Due to its adaptability to a wide range of habitats and food types, the Indian crested porcupine is listed by the IUCN Red List as Least Concern as of 2008. Deutsch: Stachelschwein (Hystrix cristata) im Wildpark Lüneburger Heide. Porcupine, est un album de dix titres d'Echo & the Bunnymen sorti en 1983. They are mostly nocturnal, and they may wander upon the skeletons of many animals. At this time, the spines begin to harden. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. [6], The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. They collect these bones, and store them in an underground chamber, or cave. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Gestation period lasts for 112 days, yielding 1 - 2 well-developed babies. Le Porc-épic à crête (Hystrix cristata), est une espèce de mammifères rongeurs de la famille des Hystricidae, qui regroupe les porcs-épics de l'Ancien Monde. [2], It is covered in multiple layers of modified hair called quills, with longer, thinner quills covering a layer of shorter, thicker ones. [5] A female gives birth to one brood of two to four offspring per year. Like all members of the family Hystricidae, the crested porcupine is covered in fearsome quills of varying lengths and thickness which provide it highly effectiv… [19][20] Because they do not climb or jump well, they spend most of their lives on or under the ground. [1] However, as a result of urbanization, infrastructure development, and pesticide use, suitable porcupine habitat is currently declining. Hogle Zoo-Wikipedia. [2] Both adults and weaned juveniles spend an average of 7 hours foraging every night. [9][18][19] They tend to avoid moonlight in the winter months, which could be a strategy to evade predation. [18] During the day, they remain in their dens,[19][20] but throughout the winter, they occasionally emerge from their dens during daylight hours to bask in the sun. Wikipedia  Crested Porcupine. It belongs to the Old World porcupine family, Hystricidae. La Banc de Porcupine (« Porcupine Bank » pour les anglophones) est une structure géomorphologique sous-marine jouxtant limitant la Baie de Porcupine qui forme un bassin sédimentaire au large (Sud-ouest) de l'Irlande en bordure du plateau continental de l'Atlantique Nord-Est. The Indian crested porcupine (Hystrix indica) is a hystricomorph rodent species native to southern Asia and the Middle East. Almost the entire body is covered with bristles which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse. Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata).jpg 1 280 × 852 ; 324 Kio. [2], The Indian crested porcupine is protected under the India Schedule IV of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, amended up to 2002. [1], Like other Old World porcupines, the Indian crested porcupine is nocturnal. [7] It has broad feet with long claws used for burrowing. [2] Young are fully weaned 13–19 weeks after birth, but remain in the den with parents and siblings until sexual maturity around 2 years of age. Indian crested porcupines mate in February and March. [4] It can also rattle the hollow quills at the base of its tail, stomp its feet, growl, grunt, or charge backward into the threat.[4]. [25] Previously, this had only been found in humans, Bonobos, and some dolphins. [15][16] They are also considered serious agricultural pests in many parts of their range due to their taste for agricultural crops. L'album le plus vendu en date est Deadwing, publié en 20052. [7], The Indian crested porcupine is semifossorial. Almost the entire body is covered with bristles which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse. Porcupines occupy a small range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. It belongs to the Old World porcupine family, Hystricidae. Musique. [10][11], Indian crested porcupines have a very broad and mostly herbivorous diet. [4], The Indian crested porcupine has a stocky build with a low surface area to volume ratio, which aids in heat conservation. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. The ears are external and both the eyes and ears are very small with long vibrissae on its head. Crested porcupine. Tswapong Hills-Wikipedia. Click here to start a new topic. Almost the entire body is covered with bristles which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse. The front feet of the crested porcupine have four developed and clawed digits with a regressed thumb, the rear feet have five. These sturdier quills are used, for the most part, for defense and are usually marked with light and dark bands which alternate; these are not firmly attached. [4] The longest quills are located on the neck and shoulder, where the quills form a "skirt" around the animal. Usually, female crested porcupines have one litter every year. Hystrix cristata is part of the family Hystricidae. If continually bothered, the crested porcupine will stamp its feet, whirr the quills, and charge the disturber back end first trying to stab the enemy with the thicker, shorter quills. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae[2] found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. [5] Smaller (20 cm) and more rigid quills are packed densely on the back and rump. [4] The male's penis is directed caudally when not erect.[5]. Crested Porcupine: translation. This porcupine has a shorter tail which has rattle quills at the end. The rattle quills broaden at the terminal end and the broad portion is hollow with thin walls. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length of about 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb) [3]. [4], Indian crested porcupines are found throughout southwest and central Asia,[2] including Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Nepal, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Yemen. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. Ask questions, get answers. [4] Breeding occurs throughout the year. ; New to Wikipedia? [1] They prefer rocky hillsides,[2] but are also common in tropical and temperate shrublands, grasslands, forests, plantations, and gardens. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. They leave the den after one week. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae[2] found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. [3] The lifespan of wild Indian crested porcupines is unknown, but the oldest known captive individual was a female that lived to be 27.1 years old. The Crested porcupines are monogamous animals, forming long-lasting pairs. The young weigh about 1,000 g (2.2 lb) at birth, which is about 5% of the mother's weight. Au recensement de l'an 2010, la population s'élevait à 1 062 habitants. [2] Nonetheless, because it is destructive to gardens and agricultural crops, it is widely hunted. [3] Young are born with open eyes and are covered in short, soft quills that harden within a few hours after birth. Crested porcupine in Odessa zoo.jpg 4 320 × 3 240 ; 4,74 Mio. File; File history; File usage on Commons; File usage on other wikis; Metadata ; Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). Collar bones are very much reduced, and one incisor, one premolar and three molars are present in each quadrant. Photo 1.jpg 4 928 × 3 264 ; 8,77 Mio. Wikipédia Wikispecies: Nature de l'élément ... Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata) 2.jpg 1 280 × 853 ; 354 Kio. Although it is favored in many parts of its range as food, its conservation status is set at least concern. Dans un premier temps une expérimentation en solo du guitariste, chanteur et compositeur Steven Wilson, le groupe se composait, durant ses dernières années d'existence, de quatre musiciens. [4] These quills can grow up to 51 cm (20 in) long,[4] with most measuring between 15 and 30 cm. [2] They consume a variety of natural and agricultural plant material, including roots, bulbs, fruits, grains, drupe and tubers, along with insects and small vertebrates. Porcupine Tree, est un groupe britannique de rock progressif formé à Hemel Hempstead en Angleterre dans les années 1980. They are nocturnal and monogamous. [5][26] It is traded for consumption and medicinal use. In the Mediterranean, it is known from mainland Italy and the island of Sicily, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia; they are also recorded in Ghana, Libya and along the Egyptian coast. Sometimes, humans dig up these bones. Prominent pockets create enlarged areas of attachment for chewing muscles. Crested Porcupine in Pairi Daiza.jpg 1 600 × 1 200 ; 1,7 Mio. Porcupine Tree est un groupe de rock et metal progressif britannique, originaire de Hemel Hempstead, en Angleterre. [1] Their range seems to be limited by seasonal densities of forage and the availability of suitable substrates for digging burrows. Eight species are placed in the genus Hystrix, only two of which are found outside of Asia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. 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