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All educational and non-educational activities took place here, and the size of a single room was no more than six square meters! Housing projects like the Narkomfin were designed for the attempts to reform everyday life in the 1920s, such as collectivisation of facilities, equality of the sexes and collective raising of children, all of which fell out of favour as Stalinism revived family values. It is energetic and impressive, yet on an architectural level, it offers little that feels human, eccentric or warm. Also known as Faux Russian. The building is also an example of Constructivism OSA architecture. Though it remained unbuilt, the materials—glass and steel—and its futuristic ethos and political slant (the movements of its internal volumes were meant to symbolise revolution and the dialectic) set the tone for the projects of the 1920s.[4]. Immediately after the Russian Civil War, the USSR was too impoverished to commission any major new building projects. Many of the Constructivists hoped to see their ambitions realised during the 'Cultural Revolution' that accompanied the first five-year plan. The popularity of the new aesthetic led to traditionalist architects adopting Constructivism, as in Ivan Zholtovsky's 1926 MOGES power station or Alexey Shchusev's Narkomzem offices, both in Moscow. These geometric shapes floating above the ground form the building’s unique look, which is immediately recognizable throughout the world. The movement rejected decorative stylization in favor of the industrial assemblage of materials. Constructivism Architecture .. Club of Slovak Artists, Bratislava, Slovakia, 1926, Former hospital Bezručova by Alois Balán and Jiří Grossmann, Bratislava (Slovakia), 1939. Everything. Vasilyeostrovskaya pumping station near the harbor in Leningrad. This consisted of a skyscraper-sized library, a planetarium and dome, all linked together by a monorail; or Georgy Krutikov's self-explanatory Flying City, an ASNOVA project that was intended as a serious proposal for airborne housing. Constructivist architecture, or ‘constructivism’, is a form of modern architecture that developed in the Soviet Union in the 1920s. Though the openwork Shukhov tower is extremely light, it is still extremely durable. Designed by Moisei Ginzburg and Ignaty Milinis in 1928, this great example of the constructivist architecture is located in the centre of Moscow, on Novinsky boulevard. The productivist majority gained the support of the Proletkult and the magazine LEF, and later became the dominant influence of the architectural group O.S.A. A proposal to raze Soviet era housing and relocate 1.6 million residents has caused so much concern that thousands turned out to protest this weekend Zaha Hadid's early projects were adaptations of Malevich's Architektons, and the influence of Chernikhov is clear on her drawings. This group had much in common with Weimar Germany's Functionalism, such as the housing projects of Ernst May. However, the Narvskaya Zastava district of Leningrad became a focus for Constructivism. Constructivism took ideas from existing movements like Suprematism, Cubism, Futurism and Dada, but instead of using traditional artistic composition to create work and objects they replaced this with construction, hence the name constructivism. Photo-based silk screen prints by Natalia Melikova featuring avant-garde architecture featured at Vkus Bumagi market in May. There were also projects for Suprematist skyscrapers called 'planits' or 'architektons' by Kasimir Malevich, Lazar Khikeidel - Cosmic Habitats (1921–22), Architectons (1922-1927), Workers Club (1926), Communal Dwelling (Коммунальное Жилище)(1927), A. Nikolsky and L. Khidekel - Moscow Cooperative Institute (1929). In the center of the architectural composition, there is a glass cylinder with other geometric shapes that seem to be lying on top of it. [12] Other notable works included the aluminum parabola and glazed staircase of Mikhail Barsch and Mikhail Sinyavsky's 1929 Moscow Planetarium. A split occurred in 1922 when Pevsner and Gabo emigrated. Constructivist housing, Zamoskvorechye, Moscow.jpg 1,000 × 1,333; 144 KB Lenin, who wrote in 1919 that "the real emancipation of women and real communism begins with the mass struggle against these petty household chores and the true reforming of the mass into a vast socialist household.". Melnikov would design the Soviet Pavilion at the Paris Exposition of Decorative Arts of 1925, which popularised the new style, with its rooms designed by Rodchenko and its jagged, mechanical form. Due in part to its political commitment—and its replacement by Stalinist architecture—the mechanistic, dynamic forms of Constructivism were not part of the calm Platonism of the International Style as it was defined by Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock. Публикация от The Constructivist Project (@theconstructivistproject), Relics of Constructivist architecture in post-Soviet & former Eastern Bloc countries (PHOTOS). It has left marked effects on later developments in architecture. Among the most famous of these are the Kauchuk, Svoboda and Rusakov clubs by Konstantin Melnikov, the club of the Likachev works by the Vesnin brothers, and Ilya Golosov's Zuev Workers' Club. Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1915 by Vladimir Tatlin and Alexander Rodchenko. In the Narkomfim building, the ideas of communal living are being experimented with.There are different types of accommodation units in the building, some large, some small, but all of them are two-level (though with one entrance). The idea was that down the road all of Moscow could be filled with round buildings instead “Stalinki” and “Khrushevki.” Konstantin Melnikov, the project’s creator, claimed that the cylindrical construction would make it possible to save a great deal of money on building materials. A particularly extravagant example is the 'Chekists Village' in Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg) designed by Ivan Antonov, Veniamin Sokolov and Arseny Tumbasov, a hammer and sickle shaped collective housing complex for staff of the People's Commissariat for the Internal Affairs (NKVD), which currently serves as a hotel. Nonetheless, the Soviet avant-garde school Vkhutemas started an architectural wing in 1921, which was led by the architect Nikolai Ladovsky, which was called ASNOVA (association of new architects). Constructivist Moscow Map. In this special feature, In Your Pocket looks at the architectural changes in the Russian capital during the Soviet years, from constructivism to art deco and Stalin style to brutalism. But despite the project’s enormous potential, buildings in Moscow would remain “cornered,” and Melnikov’s House was turned into a branch department of the Schusev State Architecture Museum. Moscow is a hard city. Collective housing projects that were built included Ivan Nikolaev's Communal House of the Textile Institute (Ordzhonikidze St, Moscow, 1929–1931), and Ginzburg's Moscow Gosstrakh flats and, most famously, his Narkomfin Building. This school was built based on then new models of education: recreation spots, workshops and laboratories became more significant, and therefore, more spacious. The first video tour in English about monuments of Constructivism in Yekaterinburg, Russia. Moscow constructivism. [1] Designs combined advanced technology and engineering with an avowedly communist social purpose. The city-planning of Le Corbusier found brief favour, with the architect writing a 'reply to Moscow' that later became the Ville Radieuse plan, and designing the Tsentrosoyuz government building with the Constructivist Nikolai Kolli. Ginzburg also designed a government building in Alma-Ata, while the Vesnin brothers designed a School of Film Actors in Moscow. Demolished in 2016, although muscovites stubbornly try to bring it back to life the city 1920s was. 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